History of the Succubus



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History of the Succubus

The Biblical Lilith (From The Lilith Gallery)

When the Almighty created the first, solitary man, He said: It is not good for man to be alone. And He fashioned for man a woman from the earth, like him (Adam), and called her Lilith. Soon, they began to quarrel with each other. She said to him: I will not lie underneath, and he said: I will not lie underneath but above, for you are meant to lie underneath and I to lie above. She said to him: We are both equal, because we are both created from the earth. But they did not listen to each other.

When Lilith saw this, she pronounced God's avowed name and flew into the air. Adam stood in prayer before his Creator and said: Lord of the World! The woman you have given me has gone away from me. Immediately, the Almighty sent three angels after her, to bring her back.

The Almighty said to the Angels: If she decides to return, it is good, but if not, then she must take it upon herself to ensure that a hundred of her children die each day. They went to her and found her in the middle of the Red Sea. And they told her the word of God. But she refused to return. They said to her: We must drown you in the sea. She said: Leave me! I was created for no other purpose than to harm children, eight days for boys and twenty for girls.

When they heard what she said, they pressed her even more. She said: I swear by the name of the living God that I, when I see you or your image on an amulet, will have no power over that particular child. And she took it upon herself to ensure that, every day, a hundred of her children died. That is why we say that, every day, a hundred of her demons die. That is why we write the names Senoi, Sansenoi and Semangloph on an amulet for small children. And when Lilith sees it, she remembers her promise and the child is saved.

Pope Gerbert and the Succubus

One story of a succubus was told by Walter Mapes in his De Nugis Curialium [Courtier's Trifles] (approx 1185) about Gerbert of Aurillac, who became Pope Sylvester II (999-1003). As a young man, Gerbert fell in love with the daughter of the Provost of Rheims. She rejected him, and he became despaired. One day he met a beautiful maiden named Meridiana who offered him sex, magical knowledge, and money if he would only stay faithful to her. He agreed and prospered rapidly becoming Archbishop of Rheims, Cardinal, Archbishop of Ravenna, and ultimately Pope. All the while, he kept Meridiana secret, and she even forgave him when the Provost's daughter found him inebriated and seduced him one day. Finally, Meridiana prophesied that Gerbert would die as he celebrated mass in Jerusalem, which turned out to be a church close by possessing an alleged piece of the Cross. Realizing he was about to die, Gerbert made a public confession of his sins and died repentant. Mapes also noted that Gerbert's tomb in the Lateran sweats copiously before the death of a Pope.

Execution of Johannes Junius for Witchcraft

Johannes Junius ( 1573- August 6, 1628) was the Burgomeister of Bamberg, famous today for his letter written to his daughter from jail while he awaited execution for witchcraft.

Junius became Burgomeister in 1608 and remained in that position until his arrest, which came shortly after his wife had been executed on similar charges. He was implicated in witchcraft by other victims of the witch craze (which was particularly pronounced in Bamberg, where five burgomeisters were burned at the stake), who had been pressured under torture to reveal the names of their accomplices. Court documents describe how Junius at first denied all charges and demanded to confront his witnesses, and continued to deny his involvement in witchcraft after almost a week of torture, which included the application of thumbscrews, leg vises (Beinschrauben), and strappado. He finally confessed on July 5, 1628, and was publically burned to death one month later.

In his confession, Junius relates that in 1624, while in a difficult financial state, he was seduced by a woman who later proved to be a succubus and threatened to kill him unless he renounced God. At first Junius refused, but soon more demons materialised and attacked him further, finally convincing him to accept the Devil as his God. He took the witch-name of Krix and was provided with a familiar named F??in ("Vixen"), at which point several local townsfolk revealed themselves as similarly allied with Satan and congratulated him. Thereafter he regularly attended witch's sabbats, to which he rode on the back of a monstrous, flying black dog. At once such sabbat he attended a Black Mass at which Beelzebub made an appearance. Although his fellow witches and familiar demons had commanded him to kill his children in their name, he had been unable to perform this sacrifice, for which he was beaten. However, he did admit to having sacrificed his horse and burying a sacred wafer.

On July 24, shortly before his execution, Junius managed to write a letter to his daughter, Veronica, which was smuggled out of jail by his guard and successfully delivered. In the letter he defends his innocence, claims that those who testified against him have secretly begged his forgiveness, and recounts the abject horror of his torture (inflicted upon him by his brother-in-law and three others), from which his hands still shake at the time of writing the letter. He also says that at first he attempted to create a confession in which he could not identify the other witches, but was forced to name names under threat of further torture. The letter begins: "Many hundred thousand good-nights, dearly beloved daughter Veronica," and ends "Good night, for your father Johannes Junius will see you no more."

Herdsman and the Dairymaid

(From Legends of the Succubus)
The 16th Century author, Nicholas Remy also tells of a herdsman found guilty of witchcraft who, when asked how he had first fallen into the company of witches, explained that he had been corrupted by a succubus. The herdsman said that he had fallen passionately in love with a dairymaid who, alas, did not return his affections. One day, he was, in his own words, 'burning with desire in his solitary pasturage' when he saw what at first he took for the person of his beloved hiding behind a bush. He ran to her, made violent advances, and was repulsed. After a while, the 'dairymaid'- in reality, a demon who had assumed the girls appearance- allowed the herdsman to do with her body as he would on condition that he 'acknowledged her as his Mistress, and behaved to her as though she were God Himself'.

Exercising the Succubus

(From Legends of the Succubus)
One line of defence against the succubus was the employment of prayer , fasting and other religious devotions.At some time around the year 1500, the Bishop of Aberdeen is recorded as having successfully prescribed such remedies for a young man who approached him for spiritual guidance. For many months, the young man had been pestered by a succubus who came to him by night and either coaxed or forced him into sexual embrace which lasted until the break of day. The Bishop ordered the victim to engage in devout prayer and austerity. Apparently, the measure was successful, for after a few days, the young man was 'delivered from the succubus devil'.

Huysmans Encounter with a Succubus

(From Legends of the Succubus)
Sometimes, however, those following a life of religious devotion found their prayers of little efficacy against the wiles of the succubi. Thus, for example, towards the end of the last century, the French writer, J. K. Huysmans claimed to have been attacked by a succubus whilst staying at a monestary. Huysman, a novelist of distinction, was in the process of returning to the catholic church whilst on the short monastic retreat. This was intended as a spiritual antidote to the psychological effects of the several years he had spent in what he himself called 'the latrines of superstition'- a reference to his contacts with the oft sinister subculture of 19th Century Parisian occultism.
One night, lying in his hard monastic bed, Huysmans awoke from the climax of an erotic dream to see a succubus vanishing away. That it has taken a physical form, and was not illusiary, was apparent, Husman said, from the appearance of the sheets he had shared with the demon. Huysman's dream had ended with 'an intense ejaculation'. According to many demonologists, the fruits of such succubi-induced climaxes were bourne away by the demons who then, taking on the forms of incubi, used them to fertilise human women.

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